About the team


After Exit is a collaborative research project between the universities of Oxford, Cornell and North Carolina at Wilmington. The research team comprises:


Professor Richard Caplan

Professor Richard Caplan, University of Oxford

Professor Caplan is Professor of International Relations and a Fellow of Linacre College at the University of Oxford. Professor Caplan has written extensively on UN peacekeeping and peacebuilding, including one of the few studies of UN mission closure, and has directed several major research projects. His recent publications include Exit Strategies and State Building (OUP, 2012) and Measuring Peace (OUP, 2019).

On the After Exit project, Professor Caplan is the Principal Investigator. He has overall responsibility for the project's direction and outreach. He has co-responsibility for qualitative cross- and within-case investigations. Professor Caplan will be undertaking qualitative interviews in Haiti, Liberia and at the United Nations HQ in New York. He will lead the project's knowledge exchange activities in Washington DC, New York and London for the benefit of governmental and non-governmental bodies there.

More information about Professor Caplan.

Dr John Gledhill

Dr John Gledhill, University of Oxford

Dr Gledhill is Associate Professor of Global Governance in the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford, and a Fellow of St Cross College. Dr Gledhill's work has explored questions of state capacity, state fragility, and social mobilisation during periods of political change (including transition from UN administration/peacekeeping). He has also investigated the question of force generation for UN peacekeeping. His recent academic writings on these topics, and beyond, have appeared in journals such as the European Journal of International Relations, Civil Wars, International Studies Perspectives, Asian Security and Globalizations.

On the After Exit project, Dr Gledhill has co-responsibility for oversight of all research strands. He also has co-responsibility for qualitative cross- and within-case investigations. He will be undertaking qualitative interviews in Liberia, at the United Nations HQ in New York, and other venues as appropriate.

More information about Dr Gledhill.

Dr Sabrina Karim

Dr Sabrina Karim, Cornell University

Dr Karim is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Government at Cornell University. Her research focuses on conflict and peace processes, particularly statebuilding in the aftermath of civil war. She is the co-author of Equal Opportunity Peacekeeping: Women, Peace, and Security in Post-Conflict Countries (OUP, 2017) which won the Conflict Research Studies Best Book Prize for 2017 and the American Political Science Association Conflict Processes Best Book Award in 2018. Her work has appeared in American Political Science Review, International Organization, British Journal of Political Science, Journal of Peace Research, International Interactions, World Development, Conflict Management and Peace Science, among others.

On the After Exit project, Dr Karim is leading the large-scale surveys in Liberia. She will lead the impact activities in Liberia: communicating the results and policy implications of our research with government officials and local university scholars.

More information about Dr Karim.

Dr Athena Kolbe

Dr Athena Kolbe, University of North Carolina at Wilmington

Dr Kolbe is Assistant Professor in the School of Social Work at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Dr Kolbe's main areas of interest include human rights, needs assessment and international social work. She has worked as a social work instructor at the State University of New York Brockport and at the Institute of Social Work and Social Science in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. She has directed a large number of funded research projects and is widely published on human rights and social issues in Haiti.

On the After Exit project, Dr Kolbe is leading the large-scale surveys in Haiti. She will lead the impact activities in Haiti: communicating the results and policy implications of our research with government officials and local university scholars.

More information about Dr Kolbe.

Maline Meiske

Dr Maline Meiske, University of Oxford

Maline Meiske completed her DPhil at the University of Oxford on the subject of burden-sharing in peace operations. She also holds an MPhil in European Politics from the University of Oxford. Her research interests include the supply for peacekeeping, regional peacekeeping, and European Union foreign and security policy. Previously Dr Meiske has worked as a Junior Analyst at the European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS). She has written on gender balancing in EU peace operations, and is the author, with Andrea Ruggeri, of an article on peacekeeping as a tool of foreign policy.

On the After Exit project, Dr Meiske is working with Professor Ruggeri on the quantitative cross-case analysis. She is also supporting the surveys and subsequent quantitative within-case analysis.

Andrea Ruggeri

Professor Andrea Ruggeri, University of Oxford

Professor Ruggeri is Professor of Political Science and International Relations at the University of Oxford. He is a Fellow of Brasenose College and Director of the Centre for International Studies. His research interests include civil wars and peacekeeping, collective political violence, state development, and comparative politics in Africa and the Middle East. His research has been published in numerous journals, including the British Journal of Political Science, Comparative Political Studies, International Security, Journal of Conflict Resolution and Journal of Peace Research. He is on the editorial board of Journal of Peace Research, Il Politico, International Peacekeeping, Quaderni di Scienza Politica and the Italian Political Science Review (Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica).

On the After Exit project, Professor Ruggeri is leading the quantitative research, which includes a systemisation of cross-national datasets and cross-case analysis.

More information about Professor Ruggeri.

 Advisory board

The After Exit project team is working together with an advisory board of leading scholars and national and international policymakers. The members of the advisory board are supporting the After Exit team on the design and implementation of the project activities, with a view to ensuring maximum policy-relevant utility from the project. The advisory board members are also supporting the team to facilitate knowledge exchange with key stakeholders.

The After Exit advisory board members are:

  • Professor Adekeye Adebajo, former Director, Centre for Conflict Resolution, Cape Town
  • Professor Alex Bellamy, Director of the Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect, University of Queensland
  • Professor Nancy Bermeo, PIIR Senior Fellow, Princeton University and Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield College Oxford
  • Dr Henk-Jan Brinkman, Chief, Peacebuilding Strategy and Partnerships Branch, Peacebuilding Support Office, Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs at the United Nations

  • Dr Karin von Hippel, Director-General, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI)
  • Mr Iain King CBE, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington DC
  • Dr Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs, Head of Research, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden and Associate Senior Researcher, Uppsala University
  • Ms Karin Landgren, Executive Director of the Security Council Report and former head of three UN peacekeeping and political missions